Urinary Tract Infection is the growth of pathogen bacteria in the urinary tract and this can be in the bladder (cystitis) or in the kidneys (pyelonephritis). Half of all females develop a urinary tract infection at some point. Most common bacteria found is E. coli. The incidence of this in urinary tract infection cases is 85%.

Most common symptoms are frequency, burning or pain during or after urination and urgency. Sometimes bloody urine can be seen. Some of the same symptoms can be present in cases of interstitial cystitis or overactive bladder. Treatment of the Urinary Tract Infection should be individualized.


Hooten TM. Recurrent urinary tract infection in women. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2001;17:259-268