Safe nutrition in pregnancy includes basic precautions and goes further by adding more safeguards. There are infections that are especially dangerous during pregnancy such as LM (listeriosis monocytogenes). Possible sources of contamination are unpasteurized milk products, soft cheeses, deli meats, salads,sandwich meats require special attention. Heat sandwich meats to steaming for safety.
Another infection dangerous during pregnancy is TG (toxoplasmosis gondii) which can be contracted through cat litter if the cat strays outdoors, hunts and eats raw meats, but another important source of contagion is unpasteurized milk products, unwashed fruits, vegetables and uncooked or undercooked meats especially wild game and venison. Also raw fish can contain parasites, flatworm, tapeworms, roundworms, bacteria and viruses. This includes raw fish sushi. The risk of E. coli and Salmonella infections from alfalfa, radish or clover or other sprouts is also potentially high. These should be avoided. Salmonella also infect egg shells and eggs. Cooked eggs with firm yolks and whites are safer.
Additional safeguards are listed here:
1) Recommended storage times for foods should be followed.
2) Use by dates should be followed.
3) Raw meats should be avoided next to other food items to avoid contamination.
4) Raw milk and raw milk based products should be avoided.
5) Smoked seafood such as kippered, nova-style, lox, jerky types of seafood should be avoided. Canned versions are considered stable and safer.
6) Refrigerated meat and other animal products should not be consumed unless they are cooked to at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit.
7) Fresh produce should be vigorously be washed and peeled.
8 ) Cat litter box should be cleaned daily prefferably by someone else. If you clean it you would need to wash your hands well with warm water and soap after doing this. The litter bow should be disinfected with near boiling water for five minutes before filling it again.
9) Remember that meats that are brine cured, smoked or dried can have contaminants and are dangerous.
10) Remember that sandboxes are potentially infectious and they should be kept covered. If you handle sand from a sandbox it could be contaminated. Therefore you need to wash your hands with soap and warm water if you handled the sand in a sandbox or if you do gardening.
11) Fluid from hotdogs can be contaminated and should be avoided as uncooked hotdogs are not safe,