This problem, also known as DYSMENORRHEA is the most common female health issue.

70% of teenagers have this problem.

15% of those have severe symptoms.

10 % of women with severe symptoms have pelvic abnormalities ( e.g. endometriosis).

These are the primary reasons for painful periods:

1) Smoking

2) Heavy periods

3) Low fish intake

4) Depression and anxiety

5) Sexual abuse

The following are secondary causes:

1) Pelvic inflammatory disease

2) Endometriosis

3) Fibroids

4) IUD’s that do not contain medication

5) Polyps of the uterus

6) Stenotic cervix ( narrow cervical opening)

7) Adhesions Treatment depends on the cause.